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Print Print Frances Axtell Photo courtesy of
The Washington State Archives

Frances Axtell
First State Representative
1913-1915

"WILSON NOMINATES WOMAN FOR BOARD."

- The New York Times, January 6, 1917

At her large home in Bellingham, Washington, Frances Axtell ran a tight ship, and unabashedly picked up a hammer and nails. She designed and helped build that home, which she decorated impeccably each Christmas. Often, you’d hear her uttering her grandson’s famous nickname: “Billy don’t!” As a boy, William Hussey had a penchant for mischief.

Born in 1866 in Illinois, Axtell had a rollicking childhood. Her sturdy frame, auburn hair, and blue eyes were accompanied by an abundance of courage and a sense of humor.

Educated in a one-room schoolhouse, Axtell later earned her doctorate degree from DePauw University. After she moved to Bellingham, Axtell landed a job at a teachers' college. She met her husband, Dr. Frank Axtell, and raised two children.

Frances Axtell was instrumental in women’s suffrage in Washington. She strongly believed in women’s abilities to enhance every aspect of political life.

When she ran for office and served in the State House with Nena Croake and some 95 men in 1913, Axtell became a fierce proponent of Washington’s minimum wage.

It was just the beginning of a career in public service. In 1916, Axtell ran for U.S. Congress as a Democrat and lost in the General Election. In 1917, she became the first woman appointed to a federal commission. The next year she wielded even more power when she was promoted to president of the U.S. Employee Compensation Commission. The commission helped draft some of the nation’s first labor laws.

In 1922, the gutsy pioneer dared to make a run for the U.S. Senate as a Republican. She lost the nomination in the Primary Election.

She was of “strong character — totally honest — fearless,” says Hussey of his grandmother’s legacy.

The sprawling Axtell home still stands in Bellingham at 413 East Maple. It is divided into several apartments. Hussey hopes to one day have it declared a historic site.

  • Axtell, a fierce proponent of Washingtons minimum wage, served with Nena Croake and some 95 men in the State House.
  • In 1916, Axtell ran for U.S. Congress as a Democrat and lost in the General Election.
  • In 1917, Axtell became the first woman appointed to a federal commission. The next year she wielded more power when she was promoted to President of the U.S. Employee Compensation Commission.
  • In 1922, the gutsy pioneer dared to make a run for the U.S. Senate as a Republican. She lost the nomination in the Primary Election.